Marketed under such brand names as Roxanol, Morphabond, Kadian, AVINza, and more, the opiate-family pain medication known as morphine decreases the feeling of pain because it acts directly on the CNS (central nervous system).
Between 1803 and 1805, German pharmacist Frederich Serturner first isolated morphine. In 1827, Merck began commercially marketing it. In 1853 to 1855, following the invention of the hypodermic syringe, it was far more widely used.To make drugs such as heroin, oxymorphone, and hydromorphone takes up approximately 70% of produced morphine.
What is Morphine?
Including humans, morphine is found naturally in a number of animals and plants. As a prescribed drug, morphine can be used for chronic pain and acute pain. It is often used to treat pain related to labor, kidney stones, cancer, myocardial infarction, and more.
This drug can be administered in a number of ways including the following:
- injected into the spinal cord’s surrounding area
- IV (intravenous)
- Injected under the skin
- Injected into the muscle (IM)
- By mouth
When the drug is taken intravenously, it reaches maximum effect after about 20 minutes. When administered by mouth, 60 minutes. Duration of the effects of morphine can last up to seven hours. Also in existence are morphine formulations which are considered long-lasting.
Street names for morphine can include the following:
- White Stuff
- Vitamin M
- Mister Blue
- Miss Emma
- God’s Drug
- First Line
What are the Side Effects of Morphine Addiction?
One of the reasons that morphine is so prone to abuse is the fact that it is so very addictive.
Whether an addiction is present or not, because it is such a powerful drug, morphine carries with it, certain effects. These are as follows:
On average, morphine users can expect to experience some or all of the following:
- Calm more relaxed feeling
- Unusual or false sense of well-being
- Reduced anxiety
- Unusual drowsiness or sleepiness
- Pain relief
Morphine’s undesirable side effects are as follows:
Morphine abuse could result in the following:
- Low blood pressure
- Decreased respiratory effort
Morphine can have adverse effects on the health of a baby if it is taken while breast-feeding or during pregnancy.
Understanding Morphine Overdose
With painkilling effects, the drug morphine is a highly addictive, naturally occurring opiate comparable to heroin. Having the feeling that you need to take more and more morphine can lead to overdose.
Many opioid drugs have similar signs and symptoms. Overdoses can be indicated by any of the following:
- Heartbeat or breathing stops or slows
- Unable to speak
- Cannot be awakened
- Gurgling noises and/or vomiting
- Blue or purple color to lips or fingernails
- Body goes limp
- Person feels clammy to the touch and/or is extremely pale
How to Treat Morphine Addiction
If you believe that someone is experiencing an overdose on opioids or morphine, 911 should be called immediately. Try keeping the person breathing and awake. To prevent choking lie them on their side. Until emergency workers arrive, stay with the person.
Upon quitting morphine usage abruptly, withdrawal is likely. This should be done under the guidance and supervision of a qualified, medically trained individual.
Why Work with Spark To Recovery?
Spark To Recovery is dedicated to helping those battling with drug dependence and use, to overcome their struggles. Every addiction recovery program we have is designed for that purpose and custom made to suit the requirements of each individual. Our goal: Do what’s in the best interest of the client and their rehab needs.
Start your morphine addiction therapy today. Call Spark To Recovery at 818-849-5467 today if you want to schedule an appointment with us.
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