The three main types of painkillers are opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and paracetamol. Each type of painkiller works differently and has different levels of potential for addiction. Among these, opioids have the highest potential to lead to severe addiction and adverse side effects.
What are Painkillers?
Painkillers come in many forms, including creams, patches, ointments, liquids, capsules, tablets, injections, and suppositories. Here are more details about the three main types of painkillers:
- NSAIDs: Some examples of NSAIDs are naproxen, ibuprofen, aspirin, and diclofenac. As the name suggests, NSAIDs can help with inflammation while also relieving pain.
- Paracetamol: Paracetamol is also known as acetaminophen. It is used to manage mild to moderate pain and lowering one’s body temperature during a fever. Paracetamol is a common painkiller and it is available over the counter.
- Opioids: There are weak and strong opioids. Weak opioids include dihydrocodeine and codeine. Even though they are described as “weak”, they can still lead to addiction as they are extremely effective painkillers. Strong opioids include oxycodone, tramadol, pethidine, and morphine. People who use strong opioids for medical purposes are usually in the hospital. However, those who have formed an addiction will continue taking them by claiming that they need the opioids for pain relief when it is more for the euphoric high.
What are the Side Effects of Painkiller Addiction?
Prescription painkiller addiction often brings about the severe side effects:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dry mouth
- Loss of appetite
- Agitation and severe bad moods
- Heavy perspiration
- Social withdrawal and isolation
- Slurred speech
The severity of the drug’s side effects depends on the type of drug, the strength of the drug, the amount that was taken, and the health, weight, and age of the person.
How to Treat Painkiller Addiction
Depending on the type of painkiller involved in the addiction, treatment would differ. Generally, painkiller addiction is treated with counselling and behavioral therapies with qualified health professionals. Treatment programs may include contingency management, family therapy, support groups, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and motivational interviewing. For opioid addiction, medication may be given to help addicts through the painful withdrawal process and reduce the risk of relapse. Some medication that can help opioid addicts are methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone.
Why Work with Spark To Recovery?
At Spark To Recovery, we have a team of certified and licensed addiction counselors, psychiatrists, and nurses who can help addicts regain control over their lives. With our support, you can recover from painkiller addiction and stay clean. We help our patients by educating and motivating them towards a healthier lifestyle that is uncontrolled by painkillers.
Start your painkiller addiction therapy today. Call Spark To Recovery at 818-849-5467 today if you want to schedule an appointment with us.
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